EUPEX consortium partners INAF, CINI/University of Torino and CINECA had a paper accepted in journal Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific.
We ported to the GPU with CUDA the Astrometric Verification Unit–Global Sphere Reconstruction (AVU–GSR) Parallel Solver developed for the ESA Gaia mission, by optimizing a previous OpenACC porting of this application. The code aims to find, with a [10, 100] μarcsec precision, the astrometric parameters of ∼108 stars, the attitude and instrumental settings of the Gaia satellite, and the global parameter γ of the parametrized Post-Newtonian formalism, by solving a system of linear equations, A × x = b, with the LSQR iterative algorithm. The coefficient matrix A of the final Gaia data set is large, with ∼1011 × 108 elements, and sparse, reaching a size of ∼10–100 TB, typical for the Big Data analysis, which requires an efficient parallelization to obtain scientific results in reasonable timescales. The speedup of the CUDA code over the original AVU–GSR solver, parallelized on the CPU with MPI + OpenMP, increases with the system size and the number of resources, reaching a maximum of ∼14×, >9× over the OpenACC application. This result is obtained by comparing the two codes on the CINECA cluster Marconi100, with 4 V100 GPUs per node. After verifying the agreement between the solutions of a set of systems with different sizes computed with the CUDA and the OpenMP codes and that the solutions showed the required precision, the CUDA code was put in production on Marconi100, essential for an optimal AVU–GSR pipeline and the successive Gaia Data Releases. This analysis represents a first step to understand the (pre-)Exascale behavior of a class of applications that follow the same structure of this code. In the next months, we plan to run this code on the pre-Exascale platform Leonardo of CINECA, with 4 next-generation A200 GPUs per node, toward a porting on this infrastructure, where we expect to obtain even higher performances.
Authors: Valentina Cesare, Ugo Becciani, Alberto Vecchiato, Mario Gilberto Lattanzi, Fabio Pitari, Marco Aldinucci, and Beatrice Bucciarelli